Design Methods used in Social design


Fly on the Wall

The aim of the Fly on the Wall technique is to observe, the subject as unobtrusively as possible. This method aims to reduce the mixed results that can be brought on when people...

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Un-focus Groups

An un-focus group, consists of a project based workshop, involving a diverse group of participants from related fields, who are not the main consumers but rather offer extreme views that are used to...

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A survey is a data collection tool used to gather information about individuals. Surveys are commonly used in psychological research to collect self-reported data from study participants. A survey may focus on factual...

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22 The 5 Whys

Laddered interviews

Laddered interviewing is an iterative questioning technique used to explore cause and effect relationships. When interviewing a participant, an initial question, the participant’s response is then followed up with the question “Why?” for...

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Crowd sourcing

A designer should never rely solely on their own experience when attempting to provide solutions for design problems, especially those which involve complex systems and services. Crowd sourcing allows users from across the...

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An interview is possibly one of the most recognised methods of research not only within design, but within all research fields as a whole. The intention of an interview, within the field of...

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17 Cultural Mapping Frame work

Culture Mapping

Cultural mapping is undertaken to identify, investigate and visualise one’s strengths, weaknesses and growth opportunities. It can be personal or corporate. The method of undertaking is largely dependent on who is doing it...

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30 User Centred Design


Co-creation is a social method where different stakeholders come together in raising issues for problem identification, discussion and design decisions. The designer takes on the role of researcher, facilitator and process manager. With...

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Life cycle assessment

Life cycle assessment [LCA] is a method that evaluates a product or service’s prospective impact on the environment. This is undertaken by assessing each stage of a products life, from extraction and treatment...

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Graffiti Walls

Graffiti walls are a method of crowd sourcing opinions, suggestions & other data, in which a sheet of paper and a pen are fixed to a wall allowing the public to add their...

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Ethnography finds its origins in Anthropology, the study of human behaviour, and is used in design as a way of understanding how people experience objects. Culture is so deeply ingrained in the psyche...

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25 Cultural Probe

Cultural Probes

The concept of the cultural probe was first realised in 1999 by Gaver, Dunne and Pacenti as an element of an artistic movement. A probe is a kit of tools specially prepared to...

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21 Historical Analysis

Historical Analysis

A history is an account of a past event or combination of events (Wyche, Sengers, Grinter 2006). Historical analysis is a method of learning, from records and accounts, what happened in the past...

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What is it? Type short general description of the method. What is it useful for? Type short description of what design domains / problems the method is particularly applicable to. Useful links Add...

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Co-reflection is a relatively new methodology that involves users or stakeholders in the design process or in evaluation of design concepts by taking them through a “mini design process”. It proposes a simple...

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