Design Methods used in Product design


Fly on the Wall

The aim of the Fly on the Wall technique is to observe, the subject as unobtrusively as possible. This method aims to reduce the mixed results that can be brought on when people...

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Actor Network Theory

Actor Network Theory establishes how things, objects and actors come to be how they are. ‘Actors’ can be human or non-human, material or immaterial. They are defined by their interaction with each other....

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Experience Prototyping

Experience prototyping is a way to gain first hand experience in situations. The aim of implementing it is to discover potential problems of a product or service’s user experience. It can be carried...

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12 Focus Group

Focus Groups

Focus groups were originally used within communication studies to explore the effects of films and television programmes. The idea behind the focus group method is that group processes can help people to explore...

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Crowd sourcing

A designer should never rely solely on their own experience when attempting to provide solutions for design problems, especially those which involve complex systems and services. Crowd sourcing allows users from across the...

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29 Sustainable Design

Product Lifecycle

Product lifecycle analysis describes the evolution of a product measured across all phases of its life. Issues considered include; manufacturing, usage, delivery, maintenance, recycling and the possibility of remanufacturing. Using a lifecycle perspective...

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Mood boards

Mood boards are collages of imagery and found objects that are compiled to give a design direction. Elements in a mood board include, but are not limited to form, colour, texture, material, and...

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Life cycle assessment

Life cycle assessment [LCA] is a method that evaluates a product or service’s prospective impact on the environment. This is undertaken by assessing each stage of a products life, from extraction and treatment...

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Competitive performance

Material Testing

Material testing involves application trials, defect detection and evaluation in order to determine the suitability of a material for it’s designed use. Analysis allows the designer to verify material characteristics; including tensile strength,...

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18 MFA example

Material Flow Analysis

Material flow analysis (MFA) is a systematic valuation of the flow and stock of materials within a system, defined in both space and time. Aimed at controlling pathways for materials use and industrial...

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10 Research Planning Survey2

Research Planning Survey

A research planning survey is a short, quick and loosely constructed set of questions that is used in the early phases of a research project. When surveys are targeted towards the correct audience...

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What is it? Type short general description of the method. What is it useful for? Type short description of what design domains / problems the method is particularly applicable to. Useful links Add...

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Co-reflection is a relatively new methodology that involves users or stakeholders in the design process or in evaluation of design concepts by taking them through a “mini design process”. It proposes a simple...

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